What should your position on the road be?

Make sure you drive your vechicle far enough to the left to allow traffic to safely pass or overtake on the right, but not so far to the left that you are driving on a cycle lane or blocking or endangering cyclists or pedestrians

How much extra space should you give when overtaking a cyclist in speed zones of up to 50 kmh?

Keep a distance of at least 1 metre.

How much extra space should you give when overtaking a cyclist in speed zones of over 50 kmh?

Keep a distance of at least 1.5 metres.

Why is it so important to take extra care when overtaking a vechicle displaying a long vechicle sign?

This means that the vechicle is at least 13 metres long and you will need extra road length to pass it and safely return to the left hand side of the road.

You must normally overtake on the right. However, you are allowed to overtake on the left in certain situations. Name them?

You want to go straight ahead when the driver in front of you has moved out and signalled that they intend to turn right. You have signalled that you intend to turn left. Traffic in both lanes is moving slowly but traffic in the left hand lane is moving more quickly than the right hand lane - for example in slow-moving stop-start traffic.

When must you not overtake?

You are at or near a Pelican crossing, Zebra crossing or at Pedestrian signals. A traffic sign or road marking prohibits it. You are approaching a junction. You are on the approach to a corner, bend, dip in the road, hump-back bridge, brow of a hill or on a narrow road. You are in the left-hand lane of a dual carriageway or motorway when traffic is moving at normal speed. It would cause danger or inconvenience to another road user.

Where is it illegal to make a U-turn?

Where there is continous centre white line. In a one way road.

When should you use dipped headlights?

Just after the beginning (dusk) and before the end (dawn) of lighting-up hours; as long as they are needed to let you see clearly; when stopped in traffic; when meeting other traffic; in built-up areas where there is a good street lighting; on continously lit roads outside built-up areas; when following behind another vechicle; where there is dense fog, falling snow or heavy rain; when daylight is fading; generally to avoid in conveniencing other traffic.

When do you use fog lights?

Use your fog lights only during dense fog or falling snow. You must turn them off at all other times.

What should you do if dazzled by another vehicle's headlights?

Slow down and stop if necessary. Always watch for pedestrians or cyclists on your side of the road. If the dazzle is from on oncoming vechicle, avoid it by looking towards the verge (edge of your side of the road) until the vechicle has passed. If the dazzle is from vechicle behind you and reflected in your mirror, operate the night-driving mode on the mirror.

When shoud you use a horn?

Warn other road users of on-coming danger; make them aware of your presence for safety reasons when reasonably necessary.

When should you not use a horn?

Do not use a horn in a built-up area between 11.30 at night and 7 in the morning unless there is a traffic emergency.

What do single or double continous white lines along the centre of the road mean?

All traffic must keep to the left of the line (except in an emergency or for access).

What do longer white lines or shorter gaps between the lines along the centre of the road mean?

These warning lines alert drivers to hazards such as restricted vision, approach to a junction, approach to a roundabout, a hill crest, bends and continous white line ahead.

What do short broken white lines along the centre of the road indicate?

These divide two lanes of traffic travelling in opposite directions. You must not cross them unless it is safe to do so.

What do double broken white lines along the centre of the road mean?

These alert drivers to continous white lines a short distance ahead. As a driver, you must not cross them unless is safe to do so.

What does a broken white line with a single white along the centre of the road mean?

The driver must obey the line that is nearest to them.

What does a single broken yellow line along the side of the road mean?

This road contains a hard shoulder, which is normally only for pedestrians and cyclists. If a driver wants to allow a vechicle behind them to overtake, they may pull in to the hard shoulder briefly ( but do not continue driving in the hard shoulder) as long as no pedestrians or cyclists are already using it and no junctions or entrances are nearby.

What does a broken white yield line crossing the left hand lane mean?

The driver must give right-of-way to any traffic on a major road ahead. The yield line usually appears with an upright yield sign. A white triangular yield symbol may also be provided with the yield line.

What does a continous white stop line crossing the left-hand lane mean?

The word Stop may also be written near or at the stop line. The driver must come to a complete stop before entering a major road. The stop line sometimes appears with an upright Stop sign.

What does a red light mean?

It means "Stop". If the light is red as you approach it, you must not go beyond the stop line at that light or if there is no stop line you must not go beyond the light.

What does a green light mean?

It means you may go on if the way is clear. Take special care if you intend to turn left or right and give way to pedestrians who are crossing. A green light is not a right of way it is an indication that you can proceed with caution.

What does an amber light mean?

It means that you must not go beyond the stop line or if there is no stop line, you must not go beyond the light. However, you may go on if you are so close to the line or the light when the amber light first appears that stopping would be dangerous.

What does a green arrow (also known as a filter light) mean?

It means that you may move on in the direction of the arrow, assuming it is safe and the way is clear, even if a red light is showing.

What does a flashing amber arrow pointing left appearing at a junction with another road mean?

It means that you may move on past the traffic light, but only if you first give way to traffic already coming through the junction on the other road.

In traffic, what is "safe headway"?

The distance between your vechicle and the one in front.

What is the "two-second rule"?

On a dry road, choose a point like a lamp post or road sign. When the vechicle in front passes that point, say out loud "Only a fool breaks the two-second rule". Check your position in relation to your chosen point as you finish saying this. If you have already passed the point, you are driving too close to the vehicle in front and need to pull back. In wet weather, double the distance between your vehicle and the one in front of you by saying "Only a fool breaks the two-second rule" twice. If travelling in more severe conditions such as snow, fog and ice, you may need to repeat "Only a fool breaks the two-second rule" 4 or 5 times.

What is "Aquaplaning"?

"Aquaplaning" occurs when a car is being driven on a wet road and a film of water builds up between the tyres and the road surface. When that happens, the car loses contact with the road, and braking and steering are affected.

If you are at a junction where the roads are of equal importance who has right of way?

The traffic on your right has right of way. You must let that traffic pass before you move on. It is important to understand that the right of way is not an absolute right. You must proceed with caution while showing regard for other users on the road.

What does a single yellow line usually with an upright information plate nearby mean?

Together, the road marking and information plate mean you must not park during the times shown.

Double yellow lines mean?

No parking at anytime.

You must not stop or park where?

In a designated disabled persons parking space unless you display a "reserved for a person with disablity" permit. Wheelchair users need to use the extra-wide, special parking bay to open their car door fully. This will allow a person to get from a wheelchair to a vehicle or from a vehicle to a wheelchair. Normal parking bays are too narrow to give the access needed by wheelchair users, so other road users must not park in the designated disabled persons parking spaces. It is an offence to do so; Where there are white or yellow zig-zag lines on either side of pedestrian lights or either side up pelican or zebra crossings; Wholly or partly on a zebra or pelican crossing or at pedestrian lights; 15 metres before or 5 metres after a pedestrian crossing or traffic lights; Near a school entrance where there are yellow zig-zag lines along the edge of the roadway enclosing the words "School keep clear"; Near an entrance or exit from a Fire, Ambulance or Garda Station; Within an area marked as a bus stop or taxi rank - white roadway markings line the areas and, in addition show the word "bus" at a bus stop and "Taxis" at a taxi rank; Where there is a single or double continous white line along the centre of the road; Wholly or partly on a footpath, a grass margin, a cycle lane or track or a median strip; Within 5 metres of a road junction unless parking spaces are clearly marked; On a part of a road reserved for casual trading during trading hours; In a contra-flow bus lane at anytime or in a with-flow bus lane during the hours the bus lane is in force; In a loading bay (reserved for goods vehicles to use while loading or unloading goods for a maximum period of 30 minutes) roadway markings show the word "loading" repeated across the entrance of the parking area; In an entrance or exit for vehicles to or from a premises, unless authorised by the occupier of the premises; In a tram lane during the period the tram lane is in force (tram lanes operate on a 24-hour basis unless an alternative period is shown on an information plate beside the lane); On the approach to a level crossing; Where the kerb has been lowered to help wheelchair users.

You must never park:

At a corner, a bend, the brow of a hill or on a hump-back bridge; Where there is a sharp dip in the road; or anywhere that blocks the view of a school warden or Junior school warden service - this restriction does not apply to a vehicle displaying a disabled persons parking permit.

When can you stop or park on a motorway?

Your car breaks down, a garda signals you to do so, there is an emergency (such as crash), there are roadworks or you are at a toll plaza.

What is a "blind spot"?

An area that a driver or the other road user cannot see directly with their mirrors. This requires them to turn or look sideways to see other road users.

What do you understand by build outs?

Kerbing which extends from the side of the road to reduce traffic speed.

What is a central median island?

An area in the centre of the road which separates approaching flows of traffic or a pedestrian crossing.

What is a chicane?

A traffic-calming measure to make vechicles slow down and weave between traffic lanes.

What is a chevron board?

Traffic warning signs with hatched markings indicating a sudden change in direction.

What is a ghost island?

A marked area on the road that shows where a motorway and a slip road meet.

What is hatched marking

Chevron markings on the road which help separate traffic lanes.


Apa beda GERD dan Gastritis ?

GERD (Gastroesophageal Reflux Diease) adalah naiknya asam lambung ke saluran kerongkongan, sebagai akibat dari melemahnya otot katup lambung. Gejalanya : nyeri dada, sesak napas, jantung berdebar, cemas berlebihan, sering sendawa, tenggorokan terasa ada yang mengganjal, pusing, badan lemas, dsb Gastritis adalah radang pada dinding lambung Gejalanya : nyeri/panas pada perut, mual, kembung, dsb Herbal ini cocok untuk keluhan GERD dan Gastritis

Berapa lama saya harus konsumsi herbal ini ?

Rekomendasi kami adalah konsumsi rutin selama 3 bulan. Ini berdasar rata-rata pengalaman kesembuhan tuntas pelanggan kami. Tiap orang tidaklah sama persis. Dan perbaikan organ tidak mungkin instan.

Berapa lama konsumsi mulai terasa perbaikan ?

Kebanyakan pelanggan menceritakan setelah 30 hari konsumsi mulai terasa perbaikan. Ada yang lebih cepat, ada yang lebih lama dari 30 hari tersebut. Tiap orang tidak sama, tergantung tingkat keparahan, usia, dsb.

Saya sudah menderita keluhan ini 10 tahun dan sudah coba berbagai macam obat dan herbal tapi tidak sembuh, apa bisa sembuh pakai Nugastro dan Revomag ini ?

Pengalaman kesembuhan pelanggan kami banyak, tapi tidak ada kepastian. Semuanya hanya bersifat ikhtiar/upaya. Satu-satunya jalan asam lambung naik adalah melalui otot katup lambung. Walaupun sudah puluhan pengobatan yang dicoba, selama otot katup lambungnya tidak menutup rapat maka asam lambung akan naik.

Apa pantangan makan herbal ini ?

Bukan pantangan makan herbal ini. Lebih tepatnya pantangan makan penderita GERD dan Gastritis. Umumnya penderita GERD dan Gastritis (terutama yang kronis) makan apapun akan timbul keluhan, ini karena makanan apapun yang masuk ke lambung maka lambung akan memproduksi asam lambung untuk mencerna makanan tsb. Dan ketika otot katup lambungnya melemah, maka asam lambung bisa naik ke atas. Kami tidak fokus pada pantangan makan, silahkan Anda hindari makanan-makanan yang selama ini Anda tidak bisa untuk makan. Kami fokus pada akar masalahnya yaitu memperbaiki otot katup lambungnya.

Bagaimana tingkat keberhasilan herbal ini pada penderita GERD dan Gastritis ?

Terlebih dulu mari kita samakan konteksnya, yaitu lama konsumsi. Jika lama konsumsi hanya beberapa minggu (kurang dari 3 bulan) dan belum ada kesembuhan tuntas maka tidak kami anggap sebagai kegagalan karena sejak awal sudah disebutkan pada perbaikan organ ini butuh waktu sekitar 3 bulan. Jika acauannya adalah konsumsi rutin selama 3 bulan, maka bisa kami sebutkan tingkat keberhasilannya adalah di atas 90%

Apa selama konsumsi herbal ini boleh minum obat dokter ?

Ya, boleh. Beri jeda 2 jam dengan obat dokter. Herbal ini bukan obat pereda nyeri, bukan obat penetralisir asam lambung, bukan obat penekan produksi asam lambung, bukan obat penenang dsb yang bekerja secara instan. Herbal ini adalah nutrisi, dan proses perbaikan organ pasti butuh waktu. Selama konsumsi herbal ini terutama pada minggu-minggu awal, keluhan yang biasa dirasakan akan masih tetap terasa. Karena proses perbaikan belum selesai.

Apa herbal ini ada efek samping ?

Selama ini tidak ada efek samping yang terjadi pada pelanggan, seperti diare, badan gatal-gatal dsb. Adapun keluhan misal seperti kembung, pusing, nyeri dada dsb itu memang keluhan penderita GERD atau Gastritis. Tidak akan hilang sebelum proses perbaikan otot katup lambung selesai.

Bagaimana proses perbaikannya ?

Keluhan penderita GERD dan Gastritis ini banyak jenisnya. Satu orang bisa mengalami keluhan nyeri dada, pusing, jantung berdebar, gelisah, dsb. Selama proses perbaikan, keluhan-keluhan itu tidak akan berbarengan serempak turunnya. Bisa jadi nyeri dada dan jantung berdebar nya akan selesai duluan sementara pusingnya masih turun 50% dari biasanya, dsb.


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Specialising in School Cars, Own Cars, Vans, Automatics.